All 4-stroke engines have intake and exhaust valves for each cylinder. These valves are used to control the flow of air and fuel into a cylinder as well as exhaust out of a cylinder. Modern engines feature overhead valve (OHV) technology which places the valves directly above the piston within the cylinder head. This design provides the best efficiency as well as the best thermal management properties for an air cooled engine.
Servicing the valves
What are valves?
Does my engine's valves need regular service?
The short answer is no. Engines with OHV combined with modern materials used in the valvetrain make for a significant reduction in service requirements. Regular service of OLDER designs would include decarbonizing the combustion chamber, resurfacing the valve sealing surfaces and possible valve guide replacement.
Most engines will require a valve lash adjustment at a recommended interval. For engines that accumulate many hours of operation, adjustments may be more frequently needed. It’s always best to consult your operator manual for the recommended check/adjust intervals.
Commercial engines that run for very long periods of time usually will see recommendations of check/adjust every 250 hours of operation or if performance problems are noted. See the video below on how to perform a valve lash adjustment.
Applications that would be considered for long operational use are:
- Commercial Mowers
- Water Pumps
- Construction Equipment
- Rental Equipment
Refer to our Valve Lash Adjustment video for instructions that apply to Vanguard Small Block, BIG BLOCK™ and 810cc V-Twin engine lines.